National State of Emergency, Sun 20.03.11. At 9.57 pm Christchurch was hit by a 5.1 mag aftershock, which rumbled & shook our Burnside house for about 15 seconds. Leah & I were seated in our lounge watching a DVD. Leah held my hand in fright. Like post Sept 4 & Boxing day quakes, we were becoming blase about aftershocks & both guessed correctly that it was a 5+ aftershock, before verifying on GeoNet, which stated the epicentre was 10 km E of Christchurch, 10 km depth.
Once a quake started throwing things about our house & upsetting our balance, then we knew it was a 6 mag or more aftershock. We stayed seated in our lounge, then had a cup of tea, discussing although we were immigrants, having lived in Christchurch for 16 years, we & others living in Christchurch over the last 6 months, post Sept 4 quake, had experienced something unique, which no other Kiwis had ever experienced outside Christchurch. And no one could take that away from us.
Mon 21.03.11. A month post 6.3 mag, 22.02.11 quake, which had caused so much destruction in Christchurch, as I'd seen a lot of central Christchurch on my walks & drives outside the strangling cordons, I wanted to see eastern suburbs which media had shown quake ravaged.
I drove via Dallington along New Brighton Rd & other roads to the end of Southshore spit. Of all the roads I saw that day, Dallington's were the worst hit by the Feb 22 quake. Same story as the Sept 4 quake - roads & suburbs near rivers, creeks & swamps were badly broken, with liquefaction, cracks, pot holes & slumping due to lateral spreading.
I didn't look at housing too much, but viewed roads & road works. Liquefaction silt along the way was muddy due to morning rains.
6 images, Berwick St:
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake trashed, brick Methodist & Presbyterian Church, Berwick St, national state of emergency. Methodist & Presbyterian Church, Berwick St was demolished
Berwick St: Methodist & Presbyterian Church I'd seen on Sunday near my son's Cranford St flat was newly fence cordoned. Orange, Hi Vis vested workmen began demolishing, by removing doors & hammering bricks. The Feb 22 quake had peeled off brick walls at both ends of the church nave, with severe cracking on the roadside wall & quake flung bricks crushing a flat roof, which joined the brick church to a wooden hall.
Whitmore St: Pavement portaloos. Bumpy, broken, silty road.
5 images, London St:
21.03.11. Feb 22 liquefaction silt & green, plastic sewage tank, cnr London St / Pavitt St, national state of emergency
London St where Leah taught: Green plastic tank on Pavitt St cnr for sewage disposal. By the Village Green, a bigger, 10 000 litre, brown, plastic tank, containing water - pipe & 6 taps attached.
Part obscured, spray painted message on the tank read:
B4 USE (Smiley face)
Canterbury District Health Board, Issue Three, 11 March 2011, two A4 pages, first page read:
IMPORTANT HEALTH INFORMATION
PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION
* Boil or treat all water from taps and tankers before drinking, brushing teeth or using in food preparation. Bringing water to the boil is sufficient to kill bugs. Water needs to be boiled even if the smell or taste of chlorine is present. If you cannot boil water, treat it by adding 1 teaspoon of household bleach per 10 litres of water and leave for 30 minutes.
* Waterways are contaminated with sewage. Avoid contact with rivers, sea water, ponds, puddles or other surface water. Do not swim, paddle, fish or gather shell fish or any other food from oceans or rivers.
* In many parts of the city sewage pipes are broken and sewage has mixed with liquefaction silt. People should avoid silt if they can, particularly if they don't have running water to wash after contact. If people have to work with silt they should wear water-proof gloves, gumboots and a dust mask; shower or wash immediately afterwards; and wash clothes separately.
* Take care when disposing of human waste. Only solid waste can go into your red bins and should be tightly wrapped in plastic. Wash your hands immediately after dealing with any human waste.
* Wash your hands or use hand sanitiser after toileting, and before and after eating and preparing food. Free hand sanitiser is available from official water tanker sites.
* If you don't have running water, make a plan to move in with a friend or relative who has running water if you get sick. When you are sick, running water (for hand washing and toileting) is much more important.
* If you are sick try to limit contact with other people, do not go to work and do not prepare food for anyone.
* Take extreme care with food - particularly with food that should be refrigerated. Dispose of smelly, slimy, mouldy or discoloured food immediately. Do not refreeze once power returns.
Please turn over for important information on GPs, pharmacies and emotional support...
21.03.11. Beige, plastic, 10 000 litre, water tank, London St, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Canterbury District Health Board advice for quake survivors, stuck on plastic water tank, London St, national state of emergency
London St & Stanmore Rd were gridlocked for weeks post Feb 22 quake, due to the NZDF cordon around the 4 Avenues: Bealey, Fitzgerald, Moorhouse, Rolleston, during the national state of emergency.
6 images, Stanmore Rd:
21.03.11. Sept 4 quake damaged, Feb 22 quake trashed Richmond Methodist Church Hall, Stanmore Rd, national state of emergency. Richmond Methodist Church Hall was demolished
Stanmore Rd: Richmond Methodist Church Hall, where Leah had taken school kids for lessons, as her London St school had no hall. Badly damaged, cracked side wall, gaping nave, end wall, wooden board repairs after Sept 4 quake - useless. Richmond Methodist Church Hall was soon demolished. Rest of Stanmore Rd was liquefaction silty. Portaloos stood on pavements.
21.03.11. Quake trashed Richmond Methodist Church Hall (soon demolished) Stanmore Rd, national state of emergency
7 images, Petrie St, North Avon Rd, North Pde:
Petrie St: Liquefaction silted. Workmen fixed the street with a digger.
21.03.11. Hi Vis vested workmen repairing Feb 22 liquefaction silted Petrie St, national state of emergency
North Avon Rd: Two Superloos stood outside North Avon Baptist Church.
21.03.11. Green Superloos, North Avon Baptist Church, North Avon Rd, national state of emergency
North Parade: Lumpy, cracked, potholed, broken, flooded in places due to rain & burst water pipes.
Shirley Boys High School, so badly quake damaged that the school was closed & did afternoon shift schooling at Papanui High School. CAUTION CONSTRUCTION SITE sign on school gate. Boys outside SBHS waited for a bus.
SBHS car park was liquefaction silted; repaired sink hole; rotten liquefactioned carpets in a pile. Two workmen worked at a muddy hole in another car park. There were 3 quake damaged driveway bridges over a stream opp the school.
On the school fence hung another CAUTION CONSTRUCTION SITE sign. Those signs were ubiquitous post quake & we'd see them for years on demolition & construction site fences.
21.03.11. Construction warning sign, Feb 22 quake trashed Shirley Boys High School, North Parade, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Feb 22 liquefaction silted car park, Shirley Boys High School, North Parade, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Post Feb 22 quake trashed Shirley Boys High. Students waiting for a bus to take them to shared Papanui HS, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake damaged driveway bridges over a creek, North Pde, opp Shirley BH, national state of emergency
New Brighton Rd: The Palms Mall was closed for repairs post Feb 22 quake. The bus stop bench was still liquefaction muddy. There was a stink by The Palms when I walked past. Maybe rotten food in supermarket stores, due to quake power cuts?
I got that creepy feeling again close to The Palms walls. The danger feeling would soon transfer to all malls. Crowded malls & their enclosed spaces gave me the creeps for years afterwards. I'd wander a mall thinking of the best cover & escape route should another quake hit.
30 images, New Brighton Rd:
21.03.11. Feb 22 liquefaction silted bus stop, The Palms, New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
Notice on a Kmart door read:
Kmart Team Notice
Heather... [phone numbers]
We will be assessing the site Monday 28th lunch time.
We will be contacting team Monday 28th - afternoon with a plan of attack.
If you are able to assist in the interim at the Riccarton store.
Any further concerns contact Dennis at number above.
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake, Kmart sign, The Palms, New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake damaged New Brighton Rd, The Palms, national state of emergency
Kingsford St: Blue portaloo & blue & white non residents prohibition sign since the Sept 4 quake. Diggers & workmen did road repairs near Horseshoe Lake.
The blue Council prohibition sign was insulting to non residents, as later NZ govt / CERA would red zone the whole of Horseshoe Lake suburb post 13.06.11 quake. Horseshoe Lake was abandoned, as it had sunk into Avon River swamp. Horseshoe Lake near Avon River should never have been developed in the first place.
21.03.11. New Brighton Rd view of blue portaloo & non residents forbidden sign, Sept 4 & Feb 22 quake damaged Kingsford St, national state of emergency
Queensbury St: Ditto.
21.03.11. New Brighton Rd view of yellow portaloo & Feb 22 quake damaged Queensbury St, national state of emergency
New Brighton Rd: Badly liquefactioned, silted, broken, bumpy.
21.03.11. Feb 22 liquefaction damaged New Brighton Rd, Dallington, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Blue portaloo by Feb 22 quake flooding, cnr New Brighton Rd / Locksley Ave, Dallington, national state of emergency
Locksley Ave: Silted, flooded at New Brighton Rd junction. Big piles of ripped up tar seal footpath on Avon River bank, by Kerrs Reach. Roads had sunk during quakes by Locksley Ave / New Brighton Rd junction. There were reports of water bubbling up through New Brighton Rd patches after Avon River high tides.
Later NZ govt / CERA would red zone Locksley Ave & long sections of New Brighton Rd on Avon River Bank. Houses would be abandoned & demolished.
21.03.11. Feb 22 liquefaction silted driveway, New Brighton Rd, Dallington, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Warning Contaminated Water sign by Avon River, Kerrs Reach, New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake tilted power pole supported by concrete block, by Horseshoe Lake outlet. Avon River bank sandbagged, New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
New Brighton Rd: Sandbagging along Avon River bank, white plastic bags. Big concrete blocks supported quake tilted power poles by Horseshoe Lake outlet. WARNING CONTAMINATED WATER signs were on the riverbank beside the road. Avon River was sewage polluted since the Feb 22 quake.
On the opp river bank off Avonside Dr, several Avondale side roads were being repaired by orange, Hi Vis vested workmen & excavators. The road works were in vain, as NZ govt / CERA would later red zone long sections of Avonside Dr, causing houses to be abandoned & demolished.
21.03.11. New Brighton Rd view of post Feb 22 quake repairs to Avondale / Avon River bank & side road off Avonside Rd, national state of emergency
Cnr New Brighton Rd / Lake Tce Rd: Burwood School - White Cronos water tank & two 10 000 litre, green plastic water tanks. Quake damaged WW memorial, grey, granite obelisk fallen.
21.03.11. Green, plastic sewage tank & white, Cronos water tank by Feb 22 quake damaged WW memorial, Burwood School, cnr New Brighton Rd / Lake Tce Rd, national state of emergency
Avondale Rd Bridge across Avon River: Water pump on New Brighton Rd. Avon River bank was being repaired bridge side, by a red excavator on the opp river bank, Avonside Dr side. A couple of years would elapse before Avondale Rd Bridge was completely repaired.
21.03.11. Warning Water Contamination sign, Avon River, New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
21.03.11. New Brighton Rd pump & view of post Feb 22 quake repairs to Avondale Rd Bridge on Avonside Dr bank of Avon River, national state of emergency
All side roads off New Brighton Rd between Avondale Rd Bridge & Anzac Dr were being road repaired by workmen & excavators. Tar seal was stripped & new shingle was already compacted. It was futile, as CERA would later red zone housing & roads along Avon River. Therein lay future conflict between Council & CERA. Council was busy doing repairs post Sept 4 & Boxing Day quakes, then latter day CERA post Feb 22 quake would take over most Council functions & blunder through Council work, causing cockups.
21.03.11. New Brighton Rd view of yellow & orange excavators repairing Feb 22 quake damaged Avonside Dr, Avon River, national state of emergency
Waterway beyond Anzac Dr, joining Avon River to Travis Swamp: Tar seal footpath was badly cracked & lumpy, bankside slumped & cracked towards the waterway, due to lateral spreading. Two inspectors, wearing orange, Hi Vis vests, checked the wooden jetty by the waterway.
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake cracked & slumped footpath, waterway near New Brighton Rd / Anzac Dr crossing, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Orange, Hi Vis vested inspectors checking Feb 22 quake tilted jetty, wetland near New Brighton Rd / Anzac Dr crossing, national state of emergency
Wainoni Rd Bridge across Avon River: Three more inspectors in orange, Hi Vis vests were bridge inspecting. Pavement across the bridge was cracked & slumped. Large piles of sand & organic rubbish lay in the car park by a JUBILEE WALK sign.
21.03.11. Orange, Hi Vis vested inspectors checking Wainoni Rd Bridge, cnr Wainoni Rd / New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Avon River bank footpath repairs, near Wainoni Rd Bridge, New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake damaged Wainoni Rd Bridge, Avon River, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Post Feb 22 quake, shingle repaired Jubilee Walk, Avon River, New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake Avon River rubbish, near Wainoni Rd Bridge & Jubilee Walk, New Brighton Rd, national state of emergency
Along New Brighton Rd, both sides of Avon River, earthwork repairs were being done to raise riverbanks, fixing riverside footpaths between Wainoni Rd Bridge & Pages Rd Bridge. e.g. Jubilee Walk past a raupo swamp. Some riverside trees & shrubs were chopped down to enable bank repairs.
9 images, Owles Tce:
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake damaged Owles Tce, Avon River, national state of emergency
Pages Rd Bridge: Owles Tce side, men in orange, Hi Vis vests loafed by their vehicles with ROAD INSPECTION signs on the vehicles. They looked furtive when they saw me coolpixing them from Pages Rd Bridge. I'd see that sinecure loafing by road workers for many years hence. A pipe on the opp Avon River bank, Wairoa St side, poured water into Avon River. There were cracks at abutment / road span joins either side of the bridge. In future, many houses & roads I passed that day would be red zoned by CERA.
21.03.11. Pages Rd Bridge view of Feb 22 quake effluent piped into Avon River, by 2 orange, Hi Vis vested workmen, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake damaged join between abutment & bridge road spans, Pages Rd Bridge, Avon River, Owles Tce, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Pages Rd Bridge view of Feb 22 quake cracks on Avon River bank due to lateral spreading & quake damaged Owles Tce, national state of emergency
Owles Tce: Avon River bank by a JUBILEE WALK sign was deeply cracked due to lateral spreading. The road was broken, bumpy & cracked with some road repairs done.
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake cracked Avon River bank, due to lateral spreading, cnr Pages Rd Bridge / Owles Tce, national state of emergency
Union St to Southshore Spit: compared to shockingly broken New Brighton Rd, the road was relatively OK & side streets were in relatively good condition. Snag: there was hidden damage below road surfaces - broken water pipes, sewage pipes & storm drain pipes.
Estuary Rd, Southshore Spit: Relatively OK. A white Cronos water tank stood outside South New Brighton School. Post June 13 quake damage, Estuary Rd was ripped up to replace sewage & water pipes.
3 images, Estuary Rd, Beatty St, Rocking Horse Rd:
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake, white, Cronos water tank, South New Brighton School, Estuary Rd, national state of emergency
Beatty St: Three blue & yellow, WASTE WAY, sewage sucker trucks sucked muck.
21.03.11. Post Feb 22 quake, blue & yellow, WASTEAWAY, sewage sucker trucks, Beatty St, national state of emergency
Rocking Horse Rd, Southshore Spit: It lived up to its name, with all the lumps & bumps, but was in relatively good condition. A City Care digger truck was at end of the road loading silt by Pukeko Pl. I'd seen no pukekos since the quake. Instead of heraldic pukekos on Christchurch Coat of Arms, silt heaps & rampant portaloos became Christchurch symbols.
21.03.11. Yellow portaloo & truck removing Feb 22 liquefaction silt, Rocking Horse Rd, national state of emergency. Clifton back drop
New Brighton, South New Brighton & Southshore roads I drove were much better than broken Dallington & Burwood roads.
8 images, Marine Pde:
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake trashed, brick, garden wall, Marine Pde, national state of emergency
I drove back along Southshore Spit via Marine Pde with ubiquitous WARNING CONTAMINATED WATER signs by dunes.
21.03.11. Post Feb 22 quake, NO ENTRY to dune walk & 2 orange / grey, HireQuip loos, New Brighton Beach car park, Marine Pde, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Earthquake Contacts sign, Marine Pde, national state of emergency
21.03.11. Feb 22 quake damaged, brick, garden wall, Marine Pde, national state of emergency
Near 2 portaloos in the pier car park by the cenotaph overlooking the beach, I coolpixed a yellow & black EARTHQUAKE CONTACTS information sign on a power pole & some broken garden walls. Telephone contact signs were attached to power poles in many suburbs.
On a blue, garden wall someone had white chalked: CHRISTCHURCH WILL RISE AGAIN! LOVE EACH OTHER.
21.03.11. Post Feb 22 quake "Christchurch will rise again" garden wall sign, Marine Pde, national state of emergency
I drove home to Burnside via Queen Elizabeth 11 Dr. Bowhill Rd, Rookwood Ave & Bower Ave were broken. Travis Rd was broken at QE11 Park & Travis Wetland, but the rest of the road beyond Travis Wetland was in good condition to St Bedes College. Those broken roads stayed broken, patched & bumpy for years. I was seeing the beginnings of neglect of eastern suburbs by Council, insurers, EQC, CERA & SCIRT.
That night One News TV featured Christchurch motorists complaining about the shocking state of post quake, broken roads.
22.03.11. A month post 22.02.11 quake, for an audiology appointment, I again drove the hell drive from Burnside to Bealey Ave, which I'd done a couple of hours post Feb 22 quake. Silt had been largely removed, most roads were in better condition, but Forfars St & Madras St were still in bad condition - broken, lumpy, bumpy, with flooding after rains in Madras St.
Brownlee minister for quake recovery reported in The Press: "More than 320 000 tonnes of silt has been removed from our streets. And millions more tonnes of rubble have been carted from our city..."
Six months later: "...500 000 tonnes of silt from liquefaction removed from properties & roads from earthquakes." CERA Earthquake recovery update, Sept 2011.
Seven months post Feb 22 quake, Christchurch roads were still ruined: patches on lumpy patches, but no smooth permanent repairs.
Roads I often drove were dangerous switchbacks, due to quake-raised, concrete & iron manholes, slumped soil, cracks, patches & pot holes: Wairakei Rd, Strowan Rd, Heaton St, Madras St, Packe St, Bealey Ave, Avonside Dr, Ensors Rd, Sullivan Ave, Richardson Tce, Ferry Rd, Stanmore Rd, London St, Tuam St, St Asaph St & many more...
Briefly: Seven months post Feb 22 quake, Christchurch roads were dangerous!
Despite puffery about Council's draft central city plan, Labour MPs Dalziel & Burns jabbered about saving what was left of so-called heritage bldgs, after 100s of demolitions (The Press 04.10.11).
Dalziel & Burns were wrong, as it was imperative to sort out dangerous roads rather than heritage bldgs. In the coming year Dalziel would jump onto every Christchurch protest bandwagon she could, to get noticed. (She wasn't the only self-serving politician or Councillor to do so). She reminded me of teenagers I'd taught, strident, vexatious attention-seekers. Post 2011 quakes, Dalziel would oust Parker as Christchurch mayor.
2 images, Wairakei Rd:
04.10.11. Post quakes, undertaker's pond drained of sludge, Wairakei Rd
On 04.10.11 morn, after rains, I watched a sucker truck sucking sludge from an undertaker's pond by Wairakei Rd. All those quake broken, underground pipes - water, sewage, drains - made a sludgy mess, stirred up by heavy rains.
Multiply that scenario 1 000s of times & Christchurch was in deep shit.
Politicians needed to get their priorities right: safe roads, long before death trap heritage bldgs.
Coda: 18.05.12. The Press reported 15 months post Feb 22 quake, that CERA confirmed Parklands East zoning would stay green-blue / TC3, which devalued properties in Parklands East. Who wanted to buy damaged / repaired houses on severely liquefactioned land?
CERA also belatedly green zoned some Port Hills houses, with 1 300 white zone houses in the Port Hills still to be zoned properly.
As for Southshore, houses estuary side of Rocking Horse Rd were red zoned & houses dune side of Rocking Horse Rd were green zoned. Dithering CERA took months to do simple zoning, causing anguish for home owners waiting for slow CERA in Port Hills, Parklands & Southshore.
* Wandered Berwick St, London St, Stanmore Rd, Petrie St, North Avon Rd, North Pde, New Brighton Rd, Owles Tce, Estuary Rd, Beatty St, Rockinghorse Rd, Marine Pde, Wairakei Rd.
Mark: Leah started teaching again, but there's no school water nor sewage connections. Portaloos only. This morn Wed, I drove Luke to his tech, first time since the quake. CBD cordoned, still with cops & NZDF soldiers. No flow in outer roads. Must find "quiet" roads. Lots of silt, pot holes, lumps, detours. Portaloos still on roadsides. Demolitions all over Christchurch in the national state of emergency. Mar 16 at 8:23 am.
Sheila (RSA): That you are all safe is such a gift. It is so sad to hear of all the natural disasters. It will take a long time to return to normality no doubt. Love to you all. Mar 16 at 4:19 pm.
Mark: Sheila. Rebuild will take a long time, but I'm looking forwards to seeing the new face of Chch once all the dust settles. Mar 18 at 1:26 pm.
Janet (NZ): I don't know how they can have school without water. Isn't it a legal requirement? Shouldn't the ministry have trucked a tank for them? Mar 18 at 8:24 am.
Mark: True Janet. See following comment. Leah's school is private. Mar 18 at 4:13 pm.
Mark: Luke off to Mackenzie Country this weekend with girlfriend's family, near Lake Ohau & Mt Cook. Jake's Under The Red Verandah restaurant was demolished on Mon. New smaller version rebuilding, but hopefully working again soon. Prince William arrived in Chch for the memorial service. Fri. Mar 18 at 1:30 am.
Janet (NZ): Glad to hear Luke's getting a break at least. How are you two doing? Mar 18 at 8:26 am.
Mark: OK thanks Janet. Leah started school again on Mon, very dusty, silt all around the school. Portaloos are used as there's no sewage & water connections. Leah takes her own water to school. Big, green, plastic sewage drum outside school where anyone in the neighbourhood dumps crap. 10 000 litre, plastic, water drum & 6 taps nearby, with instructions to wash hands & boil water.
Leah goes down the road to Richmond School where they have better toilets. Took 24 seconds for huge chunks of Chch to become Third World.
Otherwise house OK, thankful we're better off than many. Roads bumpy & lumpy, must avoid gridlock if possible anywhere near the CBD cordon. Unfortunately Leah's school is near the CBD, so she hassles with daily traffic. Mar 18 at 4:11 pm.
Janet (NZ): Sounds so hard. Best of luck over the next long while. Will be thinking of you and happy to see you here when you're ready for a weekend break or whatever. Mar 18 at 6:02 pm.
Mark: Month post quake: BIG 5.1 mag aftershock last night, shook our house. Luke shaken by a smaller quake near Twizel in the Alps. Only 2 Chch libraries are open, South & Bishopdale. Forced to roam streets, newspapers & media reports too general. National state of emergency another week. Mar 21 at 7:26 am.
Averil (RSA): Was hoping things had settled for you all. Has the area always had a problem with aftershocks? Mar 21 at 8:28 am.
David (RSA): Had to chuckle that u mentioned the libraries open. Clearly NZ is a country with a high literacy rate unlike SA. Mar 21 at 4:25 pm.
Andrew (RSA): Hope that you guys are still alright. It seems as if the quakes do not quit and keep coming back. Keep well my friend and regards to the family. Mar 22 at 8:06 am.
Mark: Thanks all. NZ's on the Pacific / Australian tectonic plates with a lot of seismic activity. Now it's Chch's turn for big action. Unique in that we've had 3 big quakes in 6 months with many aftershocks. Seismologists are still trying to work out if "new" faults are joined or not. Now talking of a "trampoline effect."
Libraries are getting there, some open, but computer searches for books are still down. Mar 22 at 12:52 pm.
Averil (RSA): Does this mean Oz is also in line for the same type of thing? Mar 23 at 9:01 am.
Mark: Don't think so Averil, as Oz is in the centre of their plate. NZ is on the edge of 2 plates which rub against & slide under / over each other, causing volcanic & quake activity. Mar 24 at 10:38 am.
Content & pics Copyright Mark JS Esslemont.
See Southshore decision devastating (The Press / Stuff Co).